Earlier this yr I devoted 20 days over on Instagram to posting gemstone info and it was so enjoyable! I randomly picked the gems that may be featured — most of them are my favorites, combined in with some that I discover really fascinating. I really like the academic aspect of Instagram, so I had that objective in thoughts when placing this sequence collectively. I wished to share it collectively right here as properly — so right here it’s!
Spinel has been dubbed the good imposter — many well-known rubies in crown jewels all over the world are literally spinel! Pictured right here, the Black Prince’s Ruby which is definitely an irregular cabochon of 170 carats of spinel.
It wasn’t till 1783 that spinels had been chemically differentiated from rubies and acknowledged as their very own gem species.
Sphene is a uncommon collector stone with a wildly excessive refractive index. The dispersion of Sphene exceeds that of diamond, and it will probably presumably exhibit flashes of gold, yellow, crimson & inexperienced.
📸 from @palainternational @carl_larson of a Sphene of theirs lower by @kosnargemco
Do you know? Amethyst was at all times thought-about equal in worth to diamonds, rubies, and emeralds till the mid-Nineteenth century when huge deposits had been found in Brazil. The market collapsed solely …quick ahead to right now, the stone is now an extremely accessible & reasonably priced gem.
📸 by @zavamastercuts of an unbelievable 12 carat amethyst
Ethiopian welo opals
Hydrophane, Ethiopian welo opals have a tendency to soak up water, which may change their opaqueness to considerably translucent and even clear! How? It’s due to it’s inner construction. The silica spheres that make up a welo opal are unstructured and random which permits ample area for water and different liquids to be absorbed.
📸 from @labradoriteking
Don’t confuse chrysoberyl with beryl! They’re two completely completely different gem households regardless of having the identical identify. Members of the beryl group embody emerald, aquamarine, & morganite whereas members of the chrysoberyl group embody chrysoberyl, cat’s eye chrysoberyl, and alexandrite.
📸 from @gemfluencer that includes an beautiful yellow chrysoberyl from Tanzania
Demantoid garnets are thought-about to be the rarest & most beneficial members of the garnet household. Found in Russia greater than a century in the past, demantoids vary in coloration from mild inexperienced to darkish inexperienced, typically containing yellowish parts.
📸 from @crazygemhunter
Mining of Alexandrite in Russia lasted lower than 100 years from the time it was found in 1833 to the early 1900s. It was George Kunz (well-known gemologist & gemstone purchaser for Tiffany & Co.) that most likely did probably the most to make this stone well-liked. He was so captivated by alexandrite that he traveled all the best way to Russia looking for it!
Nearly half of the early Russian alexandrite jewellery is claimed to have been made by Tiffany. These items are uncommon collectors’ gadgets and typically present up at public sale.
📸 from @mayerandwatt
Over 30 types of tourmaline exist, however just a few are of any gemological significance. Within the gem commerce & jewellery business, commerce names that replicate the colour or origin of the stones are way more simpler to recollect & pronounce. Listed below are a number of — rubelite, watermelon tourmaline, paraiba tourmaline, indicolite, chrome tourmaline…
📸 from @totemkitten
Most citrine in the marketplace has been heat-treated. Yellow quartz is definitely considerably uncommon in nature. Low grade amethyst or smoky quartz are sometimes cooked at excessive temps to supply citrine. ☀️
📸 from @sunstone.da who hand lower this wonderful citrine
Tanzanite is scientifically known as blue zoisite — it was renamed by Tiffany & Co. in 1968 to higher market the gem. It’s usually enhanced by warmth until famous, beginning out as a root beer brown coloration normally or typically yellowish.
Tanzanite was one of many first gems I grew to become obsessive about in center faculty and “needed to have.” I put a small tanzanite pendant on layaway from a neighborhood jewellery retailer after I was in seventh grade. I nonetheless have it and like it.
📸 from @gemsbynomads
Emerald is a fascinating gemstone. As seen inclusions in emeralds are widespread and anticipated, emeralds are largely judged with nice emphasis on coloration & transparency. It’s mentioned that the perfect and costliest emeralds hail from Columbia…and plenty of gem sellers will let you know Madagascar has yielded some distinctive specimens.
📸 from @muzo_official
Malachite is thought for its putting inexperienced coloration and black banding patterns. A number of giant deposits discovered within the Ural Mountains of Russia in the course of the 1800s had been a direct reason behind the flamboyant sculptural creations & furnishings throughout this time.
📸 from @dragonquartz_
Sapphire belongs to the corundum gem group and graces us with stones in all the colours of the rainbow (besides when it’s crimson, it’s known as a ruby).
The blue selection is solely often known as sapphire (shout out fellow September infants, that is your birthstone), with the opposite colours thought-about “fancy” sapphires & named by their colours — like pink sapphire, orange sapphire, and so forth.
Teal and greenish blue sapphires in addition to parti-colored (two or extra seen colours) are very fashionable proper now. I’m obsessing over gold sheen sapphires, a newcomer found in Kenya in 2009.
📸 from @calebbquashen that includes all types of sapphires
Aquamarine, the gem of the ocean and March’s birthstone. This dreamy gem may be present in Brazil and Pakistan, in addition to many components of Africa and even the USA (Colorado & Southern California).
📸 from @diamondoodles
Not like gems, which kind from geological processes tens of millions or billions of years in the past, the formation of pearls is a organic response initiated by the host organism to guard itself from irritants. It’s an ongoing course of that creates nacre and takes a number of years to finish. The tip result’s a pearl!
📸 from @elikopearlco that includes a singular bunch of faceted pearls
In line with Hindu mythology, Moonstone is product of solidified moonbeams. I really like that. Okay, however the actual approach it’s shaped is when orthoclase & albite separate into alternating layers. Which all of us knew.
Moonstone displays a phenomena known as adularescense (much like labradorite) — a sheen-like glow.
📸 from @mayerandwatt that includes a rainbow moonstone
Some historians consider that Cleopatra’s well-known emerald assortment may even have been peridot.
Most peridot shaped deep contained in the Earth and was delivered to the floor by volcanos. Some additionally arrived right here in meteorites, however this sort is extraordinarily uncommon.
📸 by @jeffreyhuntofficial
Rose quartz is one in all my favourite stones to put on and gather crystal specimens of ✨
Its translucense is what units it other than different quartz. Microscopic mineral inclusions give this pastel gem a cloudy look. 🌫
📸 from @kosnargemco
Turquoise buried in historic Egyptian tombs courting again to 4000BC is among the many world’s oldest jewellery. Fine quality turquoise has a robin’s egg blue coloration and is often from the Nishapur area of Iran, previously often known as Persia.
📸 from @bcejewelry
Mexican Cantera Opal
Mexican matrix opal…cantera opal…a number of names for this particular stone. One of these opal has the rhyolitic host rock included within the completed stone. Don’t fall for the artifical fakes that are damaged items of opal set in coloured cement or epoxy, that are created and polished right into a cabochon form.
📸 from @western_opals